The institute
FEMTO's news

You are here

Artificial intelligence for next-generation ultrafast photonics

How can machine learning and associated methods improve the development of next-generation laser sources and revolutionize applications where ultrafast light plays a central role?

Answer in a review article published in the prestigious journal Nature Photonics involving several members of FEMTO-ST!

The laser celebrates its 60th anniversary this year, and is considered one of the defining inventions of the 20th century.  The laser has not only created an entirely new field of photonic science, but has also led to the development of light sources producing powerful ultrafast pulses that are used in areas essential to society such as medical treatments, biological imaging, communications, and industry.

Surprisingly, however, ultrafast lasers are largely designed and operated using techniques that are little changed from when they were first developed decades ago.  This naturally leads to performance tradeoffs and limitations for applications which require light with precisely tailored characteristics.  Fortunately, an avenue to overcome this bottleneck has recently appeared by combining the latest advances in ultrafast photonics with the powerful tools of artificial intelligence and machine learning. However, although artificial intelligence is now ubiquitous in many areas of science and engineering, its uptake in ultrafast photonics has been limited because it has been unclear exactly how best it can be used to drive future research.

Work appearing recently in the prestigious journal Nature Photonics has now tackled this problem directly.  Written by an international group of scientists, the review article provides a comprehensive overview of how machine learning and associated methods can be applied to both improve developments in next-generation laser sources, and revolutionize applications where ultrafast light plays a central role. 

A unique feature of the review is a series of tutorial elements aimed particularly at non-specialists and students.  The authors are well-known pioneers in diverse fields of nonlinear dynamics, ultrafast optics and machine learning, and they attempt also to provide a roadmap for the future.

One of the authors Professor Dudley from the CNRS Institut FEMTO-ST and the Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté states: “It is our hope that this timely review will remove a lot of the mystery associated with machine learning for workers in ultrafast photonics.  We anticipate that it will stimulate new studies in this field to ensure that the future of ultrafast laser science is as exciting as the last 60 years”.  

This work falls within a broader range of activities at the Institut FEMTO-ST developing photonic artificial intelligence hardware and applying smart techniques to the analysis of optical propagation and systems.  This work is also a key priority theme of the I-SITE national Excellence Initiative and the International Graduate School EIPHI of the Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-020-00716-4

Contact : John Dudley

  • Paper prize at the international conference VPPC 2014

    At the International IEEE "Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference" conference held in Coimbra, Portugal from 27 to 30 October 2014, “Hybrid & Fuel Cell Systems” Research Team of Femto-ST Institute won the Paper Prize for the paper titled “Energy management of an hybrid electrical vehicule in degraded operation”

    Read more
  • A book about flexible robotics co-written by Nicolas Chaillet

    The objective of the book "Flexible Robotics: Applications to Multiscale Manipulations" is to provide those interested in the field of flexible robotics with an overview of several scientific and technological advances in the practical field of robotic manipulation.

    Read more
  • Nonlinear Optics and Supercontinuum Symposium

    A one day “Nonlinear Optics and Supercontinuum Symposium” will be held on Friday 20 September in the Amphi FEMTO in honour of Professor Chinlon Lin who will be here in Besançon during this time.

    Read more
  • European Time and Frequency Seminar (EFTS)

    The European Frequency an Time Seminar (EFTS) will be held from Monday, August 16 to friday, August 30 2013.

    Read more
  • Two ERC Grants for FEMTO-ST Institute in 2011

    Prof John DUDLEY & Dr Yanne CHEMBO from the Optics Depmarment of FEMTO-ST Institute (UMR 6174 CNRS-Université de Franche-Comté) have both received a financial Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) to support the top level scientific excellence of their research projects

    Read more
  • Michel planat makes the Insights News of the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical

    Michel Planat's Insights news article "Quantum computing with Riemann hypothesis" is now available on the journal's website and can be viewed at http://iopscience.iop.org/1751-8121/labtalk-article/45421. This news article is based on the recent paper published by the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

    Read more
  • Summer school in Microrobotics and Self-assembly for hybrid MEMS

    The general context of the summer school concerns the micromanipulation and assembly of such complex microsystems. From the state-of-the-art, integration technologies for heterogeneous microsystems are based on Microrobotics or Self-assembly approaches.

    Read more
  • 4M conference 2010

    Co-organized by FEMTO-ST, 4 M conference will take place in Oyonnax (France) from November 17th to 19th.

    Read more
  • d-MEMS 2010 – Besançon June 28-29th

    FEMTO-ST and LIFC organize the 1 st workshop on design, control & software implementation for distributed MEMS

    Read more
  • Vehicular Power Propulsion Conference - Lille 2010

    FEMTO-ST co-organize The 2010 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC) in Lille
    For more informations : http://vppc2010.univ-lille1.fr/

    Read more

Pages